Where Is Tobacco Grown
Tobacco is grown in 12 EU countries. The main producers are Italy, Bulgaria, Greece, Spain and Poland, which account for around 85% of the EU tobacco growing area. There is a trend towards smaller growing areas, mainly due to falling consumption of tobacco products.
The EU produces some 200,000 tonnes of dried tobacco leaves a year. Yields vary between 1 and 3 tonnes a hectare, depending on the variety. "Flue-cured" Virginia varieties account for almost 50% of output, "light-air-cured" Burley varieties around 15%, "sun-cured" or oriental almost 35% and other varieties ("dark-air-cured" and "fire-cured") less than 3%.
The EU produces less than 3% of global yearly raw tobacco production, and imports some 400,000 tonnes a year, mainly from Africa and America. It exports around 100,000 tonnes a year. World raw tobacco supply matches demand, with average market prices more or less stable since 2009.